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May 3
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Essay Scoring Formula

 

This is the AP Exam scoring formula for the entire test: Mulitple-choice questions and the Synthesis, Rhetorical and Argumentative Essays.

 

Click on PDF file to open: AP Exam Language and Composition Scoring Sheet 2011 

 

Mar 30
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Synthesis: What It Ain’t

Posted on Wednesday, March 30, 2011 in Practice Test Synthesis Questions

Ever wondered what not to do in a synthesis essay?

Here is a powerpoint that lists common mistakes and gives a suggestion of what to write instead.

Synthesis What It-Ain’t

Mar 25
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Steps to Writing a Synthesis Essay: 3 Essay Topics

Posted on Friday, March 25, 2011 in Practice Test Synthesis Questions
  

Synthesis Essay #1: America’s Penny Coin

The essay is in the following file. Free Response 2008 Essay #1 “America’s Penny Coin”

 Read the essay prompt and sources carefully. 

  • You must do all that the prompt tells your to. 

  • Remember to cite your sources, address the oppostion, avoid fallacies in your arguments. 

  •  Make sure that your reasons and evidences support your claim and that your warrants are sound and generally acceptable  to your audience. 

  • Define anything that you feel the general audience might not know. 

  • Use voice in your essay by drawing on your observations, experiences, and readings. 

 

Student Responses for Essay #1

Free Response Essay #1 Student Examples and Rubrics “America’s Penny Coin”

 These examples are student responses that were written in 2008 in the actual test setting.  Some are good examples and some are not.  You can evaluate your essay by doing the following things:

  • Read the rubric for the essay prompt about ”America’s Penny Coin”
  • Read each student response.
  • Read the reader’s evaluation score of the students’ responses.  

 

Refutation Model: ersuasive papers require proving your claim. That means you need to use reasoning to refute any opposing arguments and then show how your claim is best. Look a the following model and consider implementing it into your essays: 

Four-Step Refutation

Your argument (claim) ______________________________________________

They Say __________________________________________________________________

But I disagree_______________________________________________________________

Because________________________________________________________________________

Therefore__________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

 
 Essay Prompt: Technology Factors
 
Group Work:  Use the steps in the following handout Steps for the Synthesis Essay .  Work through the process for writing a satisfactory synthesis essay.  Read the essay prompt on your own.     Write out your own answers to the questions; no need to type it.  
 
The  rubric  for this essay is  in the following link:    Technology synthesis rubric and samples

The student samples are in the following link:   Technology student sample writings

 

Essay Prompt : Advertising

You will do all of the steps this time for this essay prompt!  

 After you have written your essay we will look at some student samples responses.  You can access them by opening the file.

Adverstising: Students’ Writing Responses

 If you would like to see what AP test readers had to say about what students did right and what they didn’t do right, read these comments.  Very instructive! 

Reader’s Observations of Students’ Writing  for essay on Adverstising

 

Essay Prompt: Global Warming (in Practice test packet #1)

 

 

 

 

 

Mar 10
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Synthesis Essay Writing Helps

Posted on Thursday, March 10, 2011 in Practice Test Synthesis Questions

Read the document and take notes or print it and annotate.  You’ll learn a lot! 

Synthesis Essay Writing Tips

Teaching Synthesis Writing

What you need to do to write a good synthesis essay

Mar 3
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Synthesis Essay #1: America’s Penny Coin

Posted on Thursday, March 3, 2011 in Practice Test Synthesis Questions

Synthesis Essay #1: America’s Penny Coin

The essay is in the following file. Free Response 2008 Essay #1 “America’s Penny Coin”

 Read the essay prompt and sources carefully. 

  • You must do all that the prompt tells your to. 

  • Remember to cite your sources, address the oppostion, avoid fallacies in your arguments. 

  •  Make sure that your reasons and evidences support your claim and that your warrants are sound and generally acceptable  to your audience. 

  • Define anything that you feel the general audience might not know. 

  • Use voice in your essay by drawing on your observations, experiences, and readings. 

 

Student Responses for Essay #1

Free Response Essay #1 Student Examples and Rubrics “America’s Penny Coin”

 These examples are student responses that were written in 2008 in the actual test setting.  Some are good examples and some are not.  You can evaluate your essay by doing the following things:

  • Read the rubric for the essay prompt about ”America’s Penny Coin”
  • Read each student response.
  • Read the reader’s evaluation score of the students’ responses.  

 

Refutation Model: ersuasive papers require proving your claim. That means you need to use reasoning to refute any opposing arguments and then show how your claim is best. Look a the following model and consider implementing it into your essays: 

Four-Step Refutation

Your argument (claim) ______________________________________________

They Say __________________________________________________________________

But I disagree_______________________________________________________________

Because________________________________________________________________________

Therefore__________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________

May 24
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Analyzing Political and Editorial Cartoons

Posted on Monday, May 24, 2010 in Practice Test Synthesis Questions, Satire

                                                 

                                                           Analyzing Political and Editorial Cartoons

Use these directions for any cartoon that seems to have a serious message and/or
attempts to persuade its audience. Note that this includes, but is not limited to, so-called editorial cartoons. 

 

I. VISUAL ELEMENTS:
      1. As with any picture, examine the individual details and their relationship to each other and to the whole. When reading a picture, consider:
                A. Things in the foreground

B. Things in the background
                C. The focus
                D. Juxtapositions

     2. Cartoons often use:
                A. Stereotypes
                B. Caricatures
                C. Universal symbols
     3. “Political” cartoons are often satirical. Ask yourself the following questions about cartoonist’s purpose:
                 A. What is the cartoonist’s stance? What does the cartoonist want to correct by ridicule?
                B. If  you think there is Split Point of View between the cartoonist and one or more characters in the cartoon, identify all of

                    them.
                C. What visual elements in the cartoon represent the satiric victims? Explain.
                D. Point out the visual equivalents of satiric devices used in the cartoon.
II. VERBAL ELEMENTS: Titles, dialogue, labels & captions
    4. Analyze words are used within the cartoon (dialogue or labels)
                A. For dialogue, who is the speaker? For labels, what is labeled?
                B. Explain the multiple levels of meaning — be especially alert for irony.
                C. How do these words connect to the cartoonist’s argument (his position or proposition)?  

  5. Analyze words appear outside the cartoon (title or caption).
                A. Explain the connection between the title or caption and the cartoon itself.
                 B. What message is conveyed by it? (Don’t forget .implied or hidden messages)
                C. How does the title or caption contribute to the overall meaning of the cartoon?
                 D. How does it contribute to the persuasive purpose (the argument) of the cartoon?

  6. Satiric techniques
                A. Point out satiric techniques in all the verbal elements of the cartoon.

                B. Other rhetorical techniques, such as repetition for emphasis & (connotation, can  also be used to create satire.  

                                 Point out examples of general rhetorical techniques in your cartoon.
III. ARGUMENT
7.  Most “political” cartoons are really persuasive in purpose.

A. What issue is addressed by the cartoon?

8. Most political cartoons take a position on an issue

A. What is the cartoonist’s position on this issue?

B. What does the cartoonist want to correct?

C. How is it conveyed, visually or verbally?

D. Is there is a stated or implied proposition, what is it?
E. How is it conveyed, visually or verbally?

9. Most political cartoons use appeals to ethos, pathos or logos, visual or verbal.

A. Point out other persuasive appeals that are used. 

B.. For each appeal, explain whether you think it is used ethically to persuade or unethically to manipulate the audience.

 10. Most cartoonist attempt to establish empathy? NOTE: If there are characters in the cartoon, the audience may feel empathy for them rather than ‘or the cartoonist.

A. How does the cartoonist attempt to establish empathy?
B. In satire, a writer or cartoonist may deliberately create antipathy for a character or persona who represents the opposing position on the issue. This can be seen as a form of irony.
 If you think this is happening in your cartoon, explain what visual and verbal elements create it.

IV. SUMMARY AND EVALUATION
11. Good  readers automatically summarize and evaluate the cartoon’s meaning

A. Summarize the argument behind the cartoon.
                B. Evaluate the cartoon’s effectiveness, both as satire and as persuasion.
                C. Explain why the cartoon is ethical (persuasive) or manipulative.        (From “Reading a Picture”) 

 

Open the following file which includes the guidelines above and some cartoons for you to analyze. 

 

 Analyzing Political and Editorial Cartoons

 

Here is another website that we will look at for more practice.  Follow teacher assignments given in class. 

http://www.lincolnlogcabin.org/education-kits/Abraham-Lincoln-Lesson-Plans/Lesson-5.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Feb 19
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Synthesis Essay #4: High School Required Texts

This is the fourth synthesis practice essay. Are you ready for the test?

Synthesis Essay #4: High School Required Text

Let’s Evalutate your essay.  Open the file and read the students’ responses.  Then evaluate your essay using the rubric. 

Question #4 Student Responses 

Feb 19
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Synthesis Essay #3: Space Exploration

This is your third synthesis essay to practice. Fix some of the problems that you have been making.  You may want to take a peek at the document from the readers’ comments on what students did right and what they did wrong on this question.   Reader comments on student writing 2009

Essay Question #3  Synthesis Essay #3: Space Exploration

Let’s look at some student responses and evaluate your essay.

Student Reponses Essay #3 2009

Feb 19
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Synthesis Essay #2: Effects of Advertizing

This is your second practice essay for writing a synthesis essay.  Here is a copy of the essay question and all of the sources you need.  Be sure to cite the properly sources that you use.

Synthesis Essay #2: Effects of Advertizing

After you have written your essay we will look at some student samples responses.  You can access them by opening the file.

Essay #2: Students’ Writing Responses

 

If you would like to see what AP test readers had to say about what students did right and what they didn’t do right, read these comments.  Very instructive! 

Reader’s Observations of Students’ Writing

Jan 13
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Synthesis Essay General Rubric

Plug in the essay prompt’s topic or issue as you evaluate your essay. 

 

AP Score Guide Rubric for Synthesis Essay Questions

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